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The Cathedral As a dominant feature of the Prague Castle, the St. Vitus Cathedral has become a symbol for Prague and the most important place of worship in Bohemia. The founding of the Cathedral followed the promotion of the Prague bishopric to arcibishopric by edict of Pope Clement VI in 1344. Matthias of Arras, a French architect summoned from Avignon, oversaw its commencement and construction of the choir apse. Peter Parler took over the job after his death and completed the main nave and its supporting structures, erected the Chapel of St. Wenceslas, the Golden Portal, part of the southers spire and vaulted the roof of the choir. The construction continued until Hussite Wars in 1419 when a temporary wall was built instead of a transept, a feature which remained in place for the next 500 years until the cathedral was completed in the edge of 19th and 20th century. St. Wenceslas Chapel This separate shrine inside St. Vitus Cathedral breaks the regularity of a Gothis construction for a good reason. It was built this way in order to maintain the original last resting place of Prince Wenceslas in the crypt beneath the chapel amidst foundations for the southern apse of the old Romanesque rotunda. The chapel is replete with a depiction of Charles IV's vision of Jerusalem from the apocalyptic prophecy by St. John the Evangelist. Consecrated in 1367, the shrine with its artistic decoration was intended to parallel the Chapel of the Holy Cross at Karlstejn Castle. The lower walls are gilded and inlaid with jaspers, amethysts and chrysoprases, alongside which are paintings showing the Passion cycle created in 1372. In the upper section there are three strips featuring Gothic-Renaissance paintings of 31 scenes from the life of St. Wenceslas.
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